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Will India Become The Leading Cumin Exporter?

by | Nov 25, 2021 | Cumin Seeds, Spices

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According to market analysts and traders, there is a significant rise in the demand for Indian cumin globally. For the market year 2020-2021, the export has jumped by 40 percent. The surge in export is the result of continuous demand for spice from overseas. If the trend continues, India can likely become the major player in the export market of cumin seeds. In all likelihood, the country can become the export leader.

Market Trend

Currently, Gujarat is the primary producer of spice in the country, accounting for 60 to 70 percent of the production. However, the report made by the Spice Board of India revealed compared to 20219-2020 export of the spice, which was 210 thousand tons, in 2020-2021, the country shipped about 300 thousand tons.

The value has increased by 48 percent in price – from Rs 3,328 crore to Rs.4,253 crore.

The only two competitors of India have been Turkey and Syria. But in the last two years, the internal political conflict, increase in freight prices, unfavorable weather conditions, and other factors have dwindled their trade.

Previously, Turkey and Syria exported between 40,000 and 50,000 tons of cumin, which has become negligible.

Also, Iranian spice production has been down by 60 percent due to the unusually cold weather and severe drought. This has resulted in extensive crop loss.

The Indian market of cumin is being supported by the good demand placed from America, China, Europe, and even South America. According to local traders, the international demand is more than the domestic demand for the spice.

The Spice Board revealed India, between 2021 January and June, exported 15 million tons instead of 13 million tons during the same period of the last year.

Arrival

On November 14, there were the arrival of 13000 bags in Unjha,

2200 bags in Rajkot

Price

In Gujarat’s Unjha market, the cumin price has edged up by $0.71, reaching about $194.33 per 100 kg. Currently, there is a price drop in the market for the seeds as the domestic demand has suddenly declined. As of December, NCDE has quoted cumin for delivery at $84.25 per 100 kg, 1.57 percent or $3.49 down.

So far for November, the cumin price has been fluctuating, with four times trending downwards and four times trending upwards.

Currently, the price of the spice stands as follows:

 Cumin A Grade 99% Pure

Date Price
November 22 $2,16 per kg FOB
November 18 $ 2,17per kg FOB

Cumin FAQ 99% Pure

Date Price
November 22 $2,07 per kg FOB
November 18 $ 2,08 per kg FOB

Prediction

Gujrat, the largest producer of cumin in the country, is producing 11 percent less than the last year, which is about 42.9 million tons compared to 48.1 million tons last year.

Rajasthan, the other major producer, is also expected to have a reduced yield at 42.5 million tons instead of 42.8 million tons.

The result of low yield for 2020-2021 is going to affect the market. While there is a rising international demand for spice, the limited stock available among the farmers and traders will pressure the crop to move higher.

It is expected that with improved rain between September and November, the sowing of the crop will increase in Gujarat and Rajasthan.

The demand for Indian cumin comes as good news for the farmers and traders of the spice. If they increase the sowing acreage and yield of the crop, the chances are the price will remain appreciated

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